Private LoRaWAN Networks

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LoRaWAN is an open specifications network. This sets it apart from other low-power IoT networks like Sigfox, which is wholly proprietary, and future cellular networks like NB-IOT which requires licensed radio spectrum. A vibrant and diverse ecosystem of LoRaWAN networks is growing around the world based on this open nature of the wireless network.

This table provides a high level view of different types of LoRaWAN networks. It is based on who owns or pays for the gateway and the servers. LoRaWAN requires network and application servers, which are critical software components controlling the network, applications, devices, and data running on it. This aspect is often under-appreciated or overlooked when considering only the low cost of gateways to set up a LoRaWAN network.

 

Type of Network Gateway Servers Find Out More
Individual Yours Yours Check out The Things Network, LPWAN Market, and open source LoRa Server
Private Yours Yours or KotahiNet See below
Extension Yours KotahiNet See below
Public KotahiNet KotahiNet See coverage of our public network

 

Private LoRaWAN Network

A private LoRaWAN network is suitable to provide coverage over a limited area, such as a building, warehouse, orchard, port, etc.  It’s like your own wifi network but for battery operated sensors over a much larger distance.

In most cases, this still retains the option of using KotahiNet’s public network seamlessly for wider coverage.

How it works

You buy and install gateway(s) while either you or KotahiNet provides the network and application server. In both cases, KotahiNet can help design, select and set up your private LoRaWAN network. KotahiNet also provides the option of operating and maintaining your network.

You will need to connect the gateway to your Internet connection using wifi or Ethernet. Gateways need a small amount of mains electricity or solar power. Depending on the network coverage required, either an internal or external antenna will be required.

While KotahiNet recommends operating private LoRaWAN networks at 865 MHz in New Zealand (the same frequencies as our public network), it is possible to set these up in the 915 – 928 MHz band.

How much it costs

The cost of gateways typically vary from $400 to $1,200. There are many listed at LPWAN Market.

It is possible to operate a private LoRaWAN network without any recurring monthly fees. There are costs for operating and maintaining the network but these can be very low. Where KotahiNet provides the network and application server, there are monthly recurring operating costs for this as well as any secure cellular backhaul.

How do I start

Contact us to start discussing specifics.
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Extend Our Public LoRaWAN Network

If you need wide or national LoRaWAN network coverage, using KotahiNet’s public network is the best option. The network coverage page provides up to date information.

Extending our public LoRaWAN network is an option if you can’t wait for KotahiNet to provide coverage in your area. This option is available for those areas where KotahiNet can aggregate public demand. Otherwise, the private LoRaWAN network option above will need to be used.

How it works

You buy any 868 MHz LoRaWAN gateway compatible with our network. Currently, we recommend the MultiConnect® Conduit™ with an external antenna for covering large areas or the lower cost MultiConnect® Conduit™ AP (which has an internal antenna) for covering specific areas.

KotahiNet will configure, operate and manage the gateway remotely in addition to providing the servers. This ensures the extended LoRaWAN network is of the same quality, reliability, and interoperability with our public network as if it was our own gateway.

How much it costs

The cost of the Conduit AP is around $600 and prices of such “micro-gateways” are expected to continue to come down. Gateways with a large coverage area cost in the range of $1,000 to $2,000. If you are connecting at least a couple of sensors, the cost of having your own micro-gateway to extend our public LoRaWAN network could be justified.

The monthly recurring costs are the same as for our public network.

How do I start

Contact us to start discussing specifics.
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